The eyes are one of the most developed and important sensory organs in the body. About 80% of what we perceive are from our sight. However, millions of people around the world become blind because of one disease. GLAUCOMA!!!

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness if left untreated. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness but can be managed when diagnosed early.

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness but can be managed when diagnosed early. Despite its severity up to 90% of people who have glaucoma are undiagnosed with the majority of them living in developing countries. Approximately 17% of blindness in Nigeria is due to Glaucoma. It is the second leading cause of blindness in Nigeria after cataract. In its early stages, glaucoma patients may not notice any symptoms or even experience poor vision because it affects the peripheral vision first before the central vision. Although there is no cure for glaucoma, early detection and treatment such as prescribed eye drops, laser treatment or surgery can stop the damage and protect your vision.

Vision is important in socio-economic development of a people. Nigeria with other member States at the United Nations General Assembly recently adopted the vision for everyone; accelerating action to achieve the Sustainable development goals resolution aimed at committing the international community to eye health for 1.1 billion people living with preventable sight loss by 2030.

Our Response

The Federal Ministry of Health and Social Welfare through its National Eye Health Programme, continues to prioritize comprehensive eye care services across the country and this includes care for glaucoma. A few of our recent efforts include development of:

ØNigeria Glaucoma Guidelines and Toolkit to guide clinical and programmatic management of this condition. It contains practical steps towards the diagnosis of glaucoma, risk assessment for progression and management decisions, specific guidance for treatment, setting up patient support systems and referral to key resources.

Ø The National Eye Health Strategic Development Plan (2024-2028) which focuses on ‘universal eye care services towards universal health coverage’ for Nigeria. The strategy is to implement inclusive, integrated, people-centered eye services that meet the needs and aspirations of Nigerians, striking the balance between promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services.


This week is aimed at raising awareness about the importance of early detection and compliance to treatment and follow up. We urge every Nigerian aged over 40 years to GET an eye exam today and thereafter, annually. Glaucoma is a silent thief of sight, do not let it steal your vision. Let us join hands and unite for a glaucoma free world